Intergovernmental collaboration in tourism among ASEAN nations has received little attention in the literature despite the significant contribution that tourism makes to the region. In this paper, the authors propose a model that displays the mechanism of ASEAN tourism collaboration. The model emphasizes the environments in which collaboration takes place. It also highlights the interactivity of various components: among actors, between the institutional arrangement and the actors, and the feedback mechanisms between the collaborative process and the preconditions of collaboration. The model captures the unique features of this collaboration and helps to expand the boundaries of existing theories and thus contribute to our knowledge of the key drivers of successful tourism collaboration among nations.
- ASEAN tourism
- ASEAN Tourism Agreement
- Collaboration model
- Intergovernmental collaboration