A novel objective function with artificial ecosystem-based optimization for relieving the mismatching power loss of large-scale photovoltaic array

Dalia Yousri, Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu, Seyedali Mirjalili, N. Rajasekar, Mohamed Abd Elaziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Harvesting maximum power from a partially shaded photovoltaic array is a critical issue that attracts the attention of several researchers. As per the literature, it is found that providing an optimal reconfigured pattern of the shaded photovoltaic array is an optimal solution for this issue. Therefore, in this paper, an innovative fitness function has been considered with the artificial ecosystem-based optimization for an electrical photovoltaic array reconfiguration approach. The proposed approach has been applied for the large scale photovoltaic arrays including 9 ×9,6×20,16×16, and 25 × 25 photovoltaic array with different shade patterns. The new fitness function has been validated via a comparison with the regular used weighted function in literature. The quality of the solutions of the proposed artificial ecosystem-based optimization–reconfiguration approach has been assessed and demonstrated via performing several measures namely fill factor, percentage of power loss, mismatch power loss, and power enhancement in comparison with a total cross-tied, particle swarm optimizer approaches, and harris hawks optimizer. Furthermore, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test has been performed to illustrate the applicability, robustness, and consistency of the proposed algorithm results across several independent runs. The analysis reveals the quality of the innovative fitness function while integrating with the optimization algorithms in comparison to the weighted fitness function in producing higher power values via attaining a more efficient photovoltaic array design. Furthermore, the results confirmed the efficiency of the artificial ecosystem-based optimization–photovoltaic reconfiguration approach in boosting the generated photovoltaic power by a percentage of 28.688%, 7.0197 %, 29.2565%, 8.3811% and 5.3884 % across the considered systems with an uniform dispersion of the shadow on the photovoltaic surface and providing highest consistent in the maximum power values across the independent runs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113385
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • Artificial ecosystem-based optimization
  • heuristic
  • Large photovoltaic array
  • Mitigation techniques
  • Optimization
  • Partial shading
  • Particle Swarm Optimization
  • particle swarm optimizer
  • Photovoltaic reconfiguration


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