A parallel numerical method for solving optimal control problems based on whale optimization algorithm

Hamed Hashemi Mehne, Seyedali Mirjalili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


Development of a numerical algorithm for solving optimal control problems is reported in this article. The method is a combination of multi-staging of the original problem to a finite dimensional optimization problem and the recently proposed Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA). The method is proposed to reduce the required number of iterations. The parallel implementation is also proposed and discussed. Numerical examples are given to check the validity and accuracy of the proposed method. Results show that method converges to the exact solution with accuracy comparable to other numerical methods. Note that the source codes are publicly available at http://www.alimirjalili.com/SourceCodes/WOA4OCP.zip.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalKnowledge-Based Systems
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes



  • Numerical solution
  • Optimal control
  • Parallel computing
  • Whale optimization algorithm

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