A Review of Emerging Technologies for IoT-Based Smart Cities

Md Whaiduzzaman, Alistair Barros, Moumita Chanda, Supti Barman, Tania Sultana, Md Sazzadur Rahman, Shanto Roy, Colin Fidge

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Smart cities can be complemented by fusing various components and incorporating recent emerging technologies. IoT communications are crucial to smart city operations, which are designed to support the concept of a “Smart City” by utilising the most cutting-edge communication technologies to enhance city administration and resident services. Smart cities have been outfitted with numerous IoT-based gadgets; the Internet of Things is a modular method to integrate various sensors with all ICT technologies. This paper provides an overview of smart cities’ concepts, characteristics, and applications. We thoroughly investigate smart city applications, challenges, and possibilities with solutions in recent technological trends and perspectives, such as machine learning and blockchain. We discuss cloud and fog IoT ecosystems in the in capacity of IoT devices, architectures, and machine learning approaches. In addition we integrate security and privacy aspects, including blockchain applications, towards more trustworthy and resilient smart cities. We also highlight the concepts, characteristics, and applications of smart cities and provide a conceptual model of the smart city mega-events framework. Finally, we outline the impact of recent emerging technologies’ implications on challenges, applications, and solutions for futuristic smart cities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9271
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • smart buildings
  • smart city
  • smart home
  • smart parking
  • smart traffic light
  • smart waste management


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