A Review on VANET Security: Future Challenges and Open Issues

Md Julkar Nayeen Mahi, Sudipto Chaki, Esraq Humayun, Hafizul Imran, Alistair Barros, Md Whaiduzzaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET) is an established technology that is well-suited for emerging technologies such as the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). However, while VANET offers improved methods for addressing contemporary technology, it also presents significant challenges in providing adequate security measures for intended access. VANET operates on multiple execution platforms, such as roadside units, vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-device, and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication. As a result, VANET must establish robust security measures for future purposes and strengthen protocol authentications to ensure secure data delivery and network-wide execution. In this work, we provide an overview of some of the recent security problems faced by VANET to raise awareness among developers and engineers about the specific security needs of VANET and how to avoid errors or intrusions when deploying VANETs in cities and urban areas. We cover topics such as the classification of security attacks, standard or security protocol problems and solutions, and the best feasible security criteria for extended VANETs. Finally, we discuss open issues and future VANET security developments or concerns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-193
Number of pages14
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • DMN nodes
  • Heterogeneous Access
  • Security
  • Trust Verification
  • UAV


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