A systematic literature review of risk and gender research in tourism

E.C.L. Yang, C. Khoo, C. Arcodia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

286 Citations (Scopus)


Resonating with a growing sense of uncertainty recently, an increasing number of studies have been dedicated to travel risk because risk and tourism are intrinsically connected. However, existing tourism risk literature was criticized for lacking theoretical foundations, which has resulted in fragmented understandings, including contradictory opinions regarding the effect of gender on risk perception. In response to these criticisms, this study systematically investigates tourism risk literature from a gender perspective, with an aim to map out what is known about the gendered travel risk and what needs to be explored further. The review findings suggest that a majority of existing risk and gender studies have prioritized the experience of Western travelers. The findings indicate a lack of a gender- and risk-focused investigation and theoretical framework, and a dearth of an interpretive and reflexive approach. A plethora of evidence of gender difference in tourist risk experience has been identified. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalTourism Management
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender
  • Risk
  • Systematic quantitative literature review
  • Tourism
  • gender
  • literature review
  • quantitative analysis
  • risk perception
  • theoretical study
  • tourism


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