Addressing the conundrum of multimorbidity in heart failure: Do we need a more strategic approach to improve health outcomes?

Simon Stewart, Barbara Riegel, David R. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


There is clear evidence across the globe that the clinical complexity of patients presenting to hospital with the syndrome of heart failure is increasing - not only in terms of the presence of concurrent disease states, but with additional socio-demographic risk factors that complicate treatment. Management strategies that treat heart failure as the main determinant of health outcomes ignores the multiple and complex issues that will inevitably Erode the efficacy and efficiency of current heart failure management programmes. This complex problem (or conundrum) requires a different way of thinking around the complex interactions that underpin poor outcomes in heart failure. In this context, we present the COordinated NUrse-led inteNsified Disease management for continuity of caRe for mUltiMorbidity in Heart Failure (CONUNDRUM-HF) matrix that may well inform future research and models of care to achieve better health outcomes in this rapidly increasing patient population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-7
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • disease management
  • Heart failure
  • multimorbidity

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