Assessment of COVID-19 vaccination refusal among healthcare workers in Ethiopia

Elsa Tesfa Berhe, Adisu Tafari Shama, Mohammed Musa Ahmed, Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Paul R. Ward, Teferi Gebru Gebremeskel

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Even though the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine and the increasing vaccination rates are promising, there are reports of refusal to get vaccinated in a different segment of the population, including health care workers. Objective: This study determines the acceptance/refusal of the COVID-19 vaccination and its predictors among health care workers in Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a group of health care workers at different health facilities in Ethiopia. Data were collected from 1 to 30 July 2020. Data were collected from 403 participants through an online Google submission form. Data were entered into Epi-info 7 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Results: Approximately 38.5% of the health care workers in the study had refused COVID-19 vaccination. Younger age groups vs. 40 and above years (age 20–24 year [AOR: 0.03, 95% CI (0.00, 0.48)], age 25–29 year [AOR: 0.02, 95% CI (0.00, 0.49)], and age 30–34 year [AOR: 0.04 (0.00, 0.49)] and medical doctors vs. Nurses [AOR: 0.06, 95% CI, (0.01, 0.42)] were reported as risk factors; also, academic working staff vs. hospital staff [AOR: 4.42, 95% CI (1.85, 10.54)] was reported as a protective factor toward refusal of COVID-19 vaccination. Conclusion: Two-fifths of health care workers in Ethiopia were indicated to refuse COVID-19 vaccination, implying a significant barrier to achieving WHO's a target of 70% double vaccination rate by mid-2022.

Original languageEnglish
Article number929754
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Ethiopia
  • health and care workers
  • refusal
  • vaccination


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