Collaboration in marketing regional tourism destinations: Constructing a business cluster formation framework through participatory action research

R. Perkins, C. Khoo, C. Arcodia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current research advocates for the effectiveness of tourism business clusters in promoting collaboration between stakeholders and successfully marketing destinations. However, there is a lack of insight on how a cluster is actually formed in order to reap such benefits, if a cluster does not already pre-exist within a region. Importantly, there is no research framework to explain the steps involved in forming a tourism business cluster in these areas. This inhibits regions that don't have an operational cluster in gaining the benefits of this form of collaboration. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how tourism businesses progress through the phases of cluster formation, enabling them to contribute to destination branding for their region. This paper presents the phases and their inherent steps to forming a tourism business cluster resulting from a Participatory Action Research (PAR) study where stakeholders formed a tourism business cluster in a regional destination in Queensland, Australia. The study involved participants from local tourism businesses, the local council, the local tourism organisation, regional tourism organisation, and state tourism organisation. Findings reveal three distinct phases to cluster formation, with each phase encompassing multiple steps. The newly formed cluster enabled participants to contribute to their region's destination brand through the creation of an event for their region. This study contributes important insights to the bodies of literature on collaboration and business clustering, as well as managerial implications for enhancing collaboration structures in a region. © 2021 The Authors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-359
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cluster
  • Collaboration
  • Framework
  • Regional tourism
  • Stakeholders

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