Cultural Differences in Reactions to Tics and Tic Severity

Jordan T. Stiede, Douglas W. Woods, Seonaid Anderson, Valsamma Eapen, Ella Gev, Robyn Latimer, Aud M. Bredesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The present study used parent-report data to explore cross-cultural similarities and differences in tic severity and reactions to tics across 223 children with Tourette’s disorder (TD) from the United States, United Kingdom, and Netherlands/Norway. Psychometric properties of the TARS-PR and PTQ were also examined and results indicated that both measures may be suitable for assessing tic severity and the consequences of tics in these countries. No differences in parent-reported tic severity were found. However, parents of children with TD from the United Kingdom reported significantly more reactions to their child’s tics than parents from the United States and Netherlands/Norway.
Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Pages (from-to)161-180
Number of pages21
JournalChild and Family Behavior Therapy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2021


  • Cross-cultural
  • reactions to tics
  • tic severity
  • tourette's disorder


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