The role of supplier firms in upgrading is emphasised within the literature of global value chains (GVCs) as critical for employment creation and economic development in the host economies. However, there has not been a valid measure to assess economic upgrading making it difficult to empirically measure the extent of upgrading is occurring in the supplier firms. To address this gap, following the literature in measurement theory, this research reports a series of 5 studies to construct and test a measure of four types of upgrading using a sample of Bangladeshi garment suppliers. The measure shows internal consistency, reliability, construct validity and nomological validity. Several suggestions are provided for using the new measure in subsequent research and managerial implications are discussed.
|Title of host publication||Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA)|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|