Development of sustainable energy use with attention to fruitful policy

Armin Razmjoo, Mostafa Rezaei, Seyedali Mirjalili, Meysam Majidi Nezhad, Giuseppe Piras

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


There are different energy approaches around the world to the development of sustainable energy systems. In this regard, the role of governments, local governments, and people in the development and use of sustainable energy is remarkable. This research, concerning the present epistemic and normative differences, aims to investigate the societal debate on citizen inclusion, local and national attempts to develop clear procedures and guidelines in the transition to sustainable energy use in different countries. Existing theories, subjectivities, and policy implications for different countries are first carefully analyzed. Based on theories, evidence, and policy implications, the behavioural insights for sustainable energy use are then examined. The results show that national governments should never ignore the psychology and behaviour of people, especially in terms of economic behaviour, performance applicable and knowledge of local governments and people in sustainable energy development. Channels of communication between local, people, and national governments, can make a robust shared network and implement simple policies such as increasing their authority. They can also encourage and build capacity through the training, support, trust and knowledge capacity of local governments and people to move toward sustainable energy development. Therefore, focusing on government and maintaining national authority should be departed from any approaches that local government and the public should be constrained as minor actors in sustainable energy governance networks. This work demonstrates that local governments can develop sustainable energy. Moreover, national governments can overcome issues and further control sustainable energy public policy goals under difficult national political conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13840
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • Behavioral insights
  • Energy policy implications
  • Governments
  • Sustainable energy use


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