Do seasonal variations affect heart failure morbidity and mortality?

Simon Stewart, Kate MacIntyre, John McMurray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We examined seasonal variations in heart failure-related morbidity and mortality from 1990 to 1996 in the Scottish population. We found marked winter peaks in both hospitalizations and deaths, especially in the elderly. We also explored the potential mechanisms of these variations and factors that may exacerbate heart failure during winter. Our data suggest increased vigilance is needed when treating heart failure patients in the winter months, and they provide impetus for specific strategies to combat this costly phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-20
Number of pages4
JournalCardiology Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


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