Emission intensity in New Zealand manufacturing and the short-run impacts of emissions pricing

Matthew Bartleet, Kris Iyer, Elisabeth Numan-Parsons

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper reports the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission intensity of the New Zealand (NZ) manufacturing sector at a combination of industry group and class levels (sub-sectors). The short-run impacts of a price on emissions are investigated with a focus on exporting activities. Sub-sectors that could be materially impacted by an expected range of emissions prices accounted for slightly over 9% of national gross domestic product. It is found that there is much variability of emission intensity within manufacturing and even within sub-sectors. An assessment of trade intensities further indicates that several emissions-intensive activities are also export-intensive. These activities are at most risk of losing competitiveness in the short-run if they are subjected to a price on GHG emissions that their competitors in other countries are not. Emissions reduction policies must take account of trade competitiveness imperatives if NZ is to meet its international GHG emissions target while maintaining manufacturing sector competitiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7756-7763
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Emission intensity
  • Export intensity
  • New Zealand manufacturing


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