European cardiac nurses' current practice and knowledge on anticoagulation therapy

Kjersti Oterhals, Christi Deaton, Sabina De Geest, Tiny Jaarsma, Mattie Lenzen, Philip Moons, Jan Mårtensson, Karen Smith, Simon Stewart, Anna Strömberg, David R. Thompson, Tone M. Norekvål

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Successful management of warfarin, new anti-thrombotic agents and self-monitoring devices requires that health care professionals effectively counsel and educate patients. Previous studies indicate that health care professionals do not always have the knowledge to provide patients with the correct information. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate European cardiovascular nurses knowledge on the overall management of anticoagulation therapy and examine if this knowledge was influenced by level of education and years in clinical practice. Methods: A questionnaire including 47 items on practice patterns and knowledge on warfarin, new anticoagulants, warfarin-drug and warfarin-food interactions, and self-management of International Normalized Ratio (INR) was distributed to the attendants at a European conference in 2012. Results: The response rate was 32% (n=206), of whom 84% reported having direct patient contact. Warfarin was the most common used oral anticoagulation in daily practice. One third offered their patients both patient self-testing and patient self-management of INR. The mean total score on the knowledge questions was 286 (maximum possible score 53). Nurses in direct patient care had a higher mean score (p=0.011). Knowledge on warfarin and medication-interactions were low, but knowledge on warfarin-diet interactions and how to advise patients on warfarin as somewhat better. Conclusion: European cardiac nurses need to improve their knowledge and practice patterns on oral anticoagulation therapy. This area of knowledge is important in order to deliver optimal care to cardiac patients and to minimise adverse effects of the treatmen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Anticoagulation
  • cardiovascular nurses
  • drug-nutrition interactions
  • patient counselling
  • practice patterns
  • self-management
  • warfarin


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