Evaluating the Performance of various Algorithms for Wind Energy Optimization: A Hybrid Decision-Making model

Ali Ala, Amin Mahmoudi, Seyedali Mirjalili, Vladimir Simic, Dragan Pamucar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Wind resource is one of the most promising renewable energy, which has become a suitable replacement for fossil fuels. Optimizing the transferring wind energy from a wind turbine is essential to obtain the maximum power output as other variables are uncontrollable. This paper presents four different optimization algorithms, namely ant lion optimization (ALO), whale optimization algorithm (WOA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), and crow search optimization (CSO), considering a hybrid decision-making model to compare the performances of wind energy optimization. In the first phase, the evolutionary algorithms are defined based on several factors to meet the need for wind energy based on volumetric and time reliability, reversibility, and vulnerability as well as evaluate optimized energy to the subscriber from the Gansu region. In the second phase, the ordinal priority approach (OPA) is coupled with VIseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR) method to rank the evolutionary algorithms. Then, the results are compared with the absolute optimal response based on the nonlinear programming method obtained from GAMS software. The results demonstrate that an ALO outperforms other algorithms. The average accuracy of ALO is 92%. CSO is the least accurate with 55% of the absolute optimal response. ALO is found to be faster, more efficient, and achieved economy and reliability as compared to other optimization algorithms for solving the problem under consideration. It is shown that the applied models are robust, effective, and able to save costs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119731
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023


  • Absolute optimal
  • Algorithm
  • Decision-making analysis
  • Optimization
  • Ordinal priority approach
  • Planning control
  • Renewable energy systems
  • Whale Optimization Algorithm


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