Harris hawks optimization for COVID-19 diagnosis based on multi-threshold image segmentation

Mohammad Hashem Ryalat, Osama Dorgham, Sara Tedmori, Zainab Al-Rahamneh, Nijad Al-Najdawi, Seyedali Mirjalili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Digital image processing techniques and algorithms have become a great tool to support medical experts in identifying, studying, diagnosing certain diseases. Image segmentation methods are of the most widely used techniques in this area simplifying image representation and analysis. During the last few decades, many approaches have been proposed for image segmentation, among which multilevel thresholding methods have shown better results than most other methods. Traditional statistical approaches such as the Otsu and the Kapur methods are the standard benchmark algorithms for automatic image thresholding. Such algorithms provide optimal results, yet they suffer from high computational costs when multilevel thresholding is required, which is considered as an optimization matter. In this work, the Harris hawks optimization technique is combined with Otsu’s method to effectively reduce the required computational cost while maintaining optimal outcomes. The proposed approach is tested on a publicly available imaging datasets, including chest images with clinical and genomic correlates, and represents a rural COVID-19-positive (COVID-19-AR) population. According to various performance measures, the proposed approach can achieve a substantial decrease in the computational cost and the time to converge while maintaining a level of quality highly competitive with the Otsu method for the same threshold values.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Covid-19
  • CT images
  • Harris hawks optimization
  • Image segmentation
  • Multilevel thresholding
  • Otsu method


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