Impact of a Fragmented Regulatory Environment on Sustainable Urban Development Design Management

Kerry Anne London, Katie Cadman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The building project development approval process is increasingly complex and fraught with conflict due to the rise of the sustainable urban development movement and inclusive decision making. Coupled with this, government decision-making decentralization has resulted in a fragmented and over-regulated compliance system. Problems arising from the process include wasted resources, excessive time delays, increased holding and litigation costs, inadequate planning coordination, high levels of advocacy costs and a divisive politicized approval process. In Australia, despite attempts by government and industry associations, numerous problems are still unresolved. Design managers increasingly assume a liaison role during the approval phase. There is a long tradition of planning theory literature which provides context for understanding the knowledge-power-participation relationship for this paper. This study investigated the policy, process and practice conflicts during the approval stage in achieving sustainable urban developments. Three regional local government areas within one state jurisdiction and observations from detailed structured focus group interviews involving 23 stakeholders, proposers and assessors were analysed to explore this conflictual environment. As a result of regulatory fragmentation and excessive consultation, various persuasion tactics have been developed by all stakeholders of which reciprocity’ and authority’ were identified as the most common. Two challenges for design managers were thus identified: first, the emergence of the role of a by default central informal arbitrator across conflicting planning instruments; and, second, as a navigator through a set of persuasion tactics. An inclusive knowledge-based design management framework for sustainable urban development is proposed considering Habermas’ communicative planning theory, Foucaltian governance and discursive powers thesis and Cialdini’s persuasion theory, as well as being grounded in the key empirical results from this study, using various types and sources of knowledge as an authoritative persuasion tactic.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArchitectural Engineering and Design Management
Subtitle of host publicationDesign Management for Sustainability
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781134039784
ISBN (Print)9781844078950
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Authoritative persuasion
  • Building design management
  • Development approval
  • Inclusivity
  • Sustainable urban development


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