Indonesia encompasses over 18,000 islands and is divided into 33 provinces. Emerging market economies possess macroeconomic and institutional features that differentiate them from developed and developing economies. The Indonesian economy has experienced high growth rates over the past decades, improved living standards and increasing participation in post-secondary education. The idea of convergence or isomorphism of Human resource management (HRM) practice globally and by industry is contested, with local institutions imposing a context in which HRM practices are applied. There is limited research on HRM systems in Indonesia, and especially in large private sector organisations and MNEs. The 2016 report indicated that over 360,000 employee days were devoted to staff training over the year. The employee composition is divided between 75% permanent and 25% contract employees. A state-owned energy company that is engaged in oil and gas exploration; refining; petro-chemicals; thermal energy; and petrol stations.
|Title of host publication||International HRM and Development in Emerging Market Multinationals|
|Publisher||Routledge Taylor & Francis Group|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|