Is Social Upgrading Occurring in the Apparel Industry of Bangladesh?

Tarikul Islam, Christina Stringer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper examines the impact that integration of the Bangladeshi ready-made garment sector into global production networks has had on workers. The apparel global production network is co-ordinated and controlled by global buyers. Factories have been classified into three groups - compliance, moderate compliance and non-compliance- depending on the factory’s adherence to the requirements of global buyers in terms of labour, safety and environmental standards. We found that social upgrading – the improvement of workers’ rights - is limited to non-existent in the moderate and non-compliance factories and compliance factories are not without problems. There is little evidence in the way of improved labour standards, freedom of association and a lack of discrimination.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralia and New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA)
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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