Lipidomics is a rapidly growing field that enables the characterization of the entire lipidome in cells, tissues, or an organism. Changes in lipid metabolism and homeostasis caused by different disease states or drug treatments can be probed by lipidomics experiments, which can aid our understanding of normal physiology and disease pathology at the molecular level. While current technologies using liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry have greatly increased coverage of the lipidome, there are still limitations in resolving the large number of lipid species with similar masses in a narrow mass window. We recently reported that two orthogonal separation techniques, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and ion mobility (IM), enhance the resolution of lipid species based on headgroup polarity and gas-phase size and shape, respectively, of various classes of glycerolipids, glycolipids, phospholipids, and sphingolipids. Here we describe the application of our HILIC-IM-MS lipidomics protocol to the analysis of lipid extracts derived from either tissues or cells, to identify significant changes in the lipidome in response to an internal or external stimulus, such as exposure to environmental chemicals.