Listeria monocytogenes is a major food-borne pathogen and causative agent of a fatal disease, listeriosis. Stringent regulatory guidelines and zero tolerance policy toward this bacterium necessitate rapid, accurate, and reliable methods of identification and subtyping. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) has recently become a method of choice for routine identification of pathogens in clinical settings and has largely replaced biochemical assays. Identification relies on well-curated databases such as SARAMIS. Extensive use of SARAMIS to generate consensus mass spectra, in conjunction with statistical analysis, such as partial least square-discriminant analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis, is useful in subtyping bacteria. While MALDI-ToF MS has been extensively used for pathogen detection, its application in bacterial subtyping has been limited. The protocol describes a MALDI-ToF MS workflow as a single tool for simultaneous identification and subtyping of L. monocytogenes directly from solid culture medium.