New realities: a systematic literature review on virtual reality and augmented reality in tourism research

R. Yung, C. Khoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

459 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the growing interest and discussions on Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) in tourism, we do not yet know systematically the knowledge that has been built from academic papers on VR and AR in tourism; if and how VR and AR research intersect, the methodologies used to research VR and AR in tourism, and the emerging contexts in which VR and AR have surfaced in tourism research. By conducting a systematic literature review on VR/AR research in tourism, this work seeks to answer five main research questions: (1) Which tourism sectors and contexts have VR and AR research emerged in?; (2) Which forms of VR and AR have garnered the most attention in tourism research?; (3 and 4) What methodologies/theories are being utilized to research VR and AR in tourism?; and (5) What are the research gaps in VR and AR tourism research? From a synthesis of 46 manuscripts, marketing and tourism education emerged as the most common contexts. However, issues with heterogeneity appeared in terminology usage alongside a lack of theory-based research in VR and AR. Also, gaps were identified where challenges identified revolved around awareness of the technology, usability, and time commitment. © 2017, © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2056-2081
Number of pages26
JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Augmented Reality
  • methodology
  • systematic quantitative literature review
  • tourism development
  • Virtual Reality
  • virtual tourism
  • academic research
  • heterogeneity
  • knowledge
  • literature review
  • quantitative analysis
  • research work
  • terminology
  • virtual reality


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