Nutritional screening and dietitian consultation rates in a geriatric evaluation and management unit

Elsa Dent, Olivia Wright, Emiel O. Hoogendijk, Ruth E. Hubbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Nutritional screening may not always lead to intervention. The present study aimed to determine: (i) the rate of nutritional screening in hospitalised older adults; (ii) whether nutritional screening led to dietitian consultation and (iii) factors associated with malnutrition. Methods: In this prospective study of patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit (GEMU), malnutrition was screened for using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and identified using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Results: Of the 172 patients participating in the study, 53 (30.8%) patients were malnourished, and 84 (48.8%) were at risk of malnutrition. Mean (SD) age was 85.2 (6.4 years), with 131 patients (76.2%) female. Nutritional screening was performed for all patients; however, it was incomplete in 59 (34.3%) because of omission of the anthropometric measurement. Overall, 62 (36.0%) of the total number of patients were seen by the dietitian, which included 26 (49%) of malnourished patients, 27 (32%) of at-risk patients and 9 (26%) of the well-nourished patients. No patients lost >1% of body weight during GEMU stay. Malnourished patients were more likely to be frail, have poor appetite, depression, and have lower levels of: albumin, cognition, physical function, grip strength and quality of life. Conclusions: The full benefits of nutritional screening by MNA-SF may not be realised if it does not result in malnourished patients receiving a dietitian consultation. However, it is possible that enrichment of the foodservice with high protein/high-energy options minimised patient weight loss in the GEMU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aged 80 and over
  • geriatric assessment/methods
  • malnutrition/diagnosis
  • nutrition assessment

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