Policy and practice suggestions to improve performance on the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets: Results from a nominal group technique with HIV experts in Southwest Ethiopia

Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Paul Ward, Kifle Woldemichael, Pamela Lyon, Lillian Mwanri

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    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: This paper aims to evaluate the potential solutions to address negative outcomes of HIV care and treatment, that were proposed by HIV care providers, researchers and HIV programme managers in Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A nominal group technique (NGT) was conducted with 25 experts in December 2017 in Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia. The NGT process included (a) an analysis of the previously qualitative study conducted with various Ethiopian HIV stakeholders who proposed possible solutions for HIV care and treatment; (b) recruitment of a panel of HIV experts in policy and practice to rate the proposed solutions in Ethiopia before a discussion (first round rating); (c) discussion with the panel of experts on the suggested solutions; and (d) conducting a second round of rating of proposed solutions. Content analysis and Wilcoxon signed rank test were applied to analyse the data. Results: Eighteen of the 25 invited panel of experts participated in the NGT. The following proposed solutions were rated and discussed as relevant, feasible and acceptable. In order of decreasing importance, the solutions were as follows: filling gaps in legislation, HIV self-testing, the teach-test-link-trace strategy, house-to-house HIV testing, community antiretroviral therapy (ART) groups, providing ART in private clinics and providing ART at health posts. Conclusions: The current study findings suggested that, to address HIV negative outcomes, priority solutions could include mandatory notification of partner's HIV status, HIV self-testing and the involvement of peer educators on the entire HIV care programme.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1326-1337
    Number of pages12
    JournalHealth Expectations
    Volume23
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

    Keywords

    • ART in health post
    • ART in private clinic
    • HIV self-testing
    • house to house HIV testing
    • nominal group technique
    • Policy

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