Poverty among ethnic minorities: the transition process, inequality and economic growth

Anh Tuan Bui, Cuong Viet Nguyen, Thu Phuong Pham

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This article investigates the process of reducing poverty in ethnic minority households. Using two recent Vietnam household surveys, we find that ethnic minority households are more likely to be persistently poor and less likely to be persistently non-poor than ethnic majority households. The within-group component generated by the variation in income within each ethnicity group explains more than 90% of the change in total inequality. Income redistribution plays an important role in decreasing the poverty gap and decreasing poverty severity. Different ethnic groups have different poverty patterns, which should be noted when designing policies to alleviate poverty and inequality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3114-3128
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017



  • decomposition
  • Ethnic minority
  • household income
  • inequality
  • poverty

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