Quantum Machine Learning for Security Assessment in the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)

Anand Singh Rajawat, S. B. Goyal, Pradeep Bedi, Tony Jan, Wahid Whaiduzzaman, Mukesh Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is an ecosystem composed of connected electronic items such as small sensors/actuators and other cyber-physical devices (CPDs) in medical services. When these devices are linked together, they can support patients through medical monitoring, analysis, and reporting in more autonomous and intelligent ways. The IoMT devices; however, often do not have sufficient computing resources onboard for service and security assurance while the medical services handle large quantities of sensitive and private health-related data. This leads to several research problems on how to improve security in IoMT systems. This paper focuses on quantum machine learning to assess security vulnerabilities in IoMT systems. This paper provides a comprehensive review of both traditional and quantum machine learning techniques in IoMT vulnerability assessment. This paper also proposes an innovative fused semi-supervised learning model, which is compared to the state-of-the-art traditional and quantum machine learning in an extensive experiment. The experiment shows the competitive performance of the proposed model against the state-of-the-art models and also highlights the usefulness of quantum machine learning in IoMT security assessments and its future applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFuture Internet
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2023


  • vulnerability prediction
  • Internet of Things
  • quantum machine learning
  • Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)


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