Renoprotection Induced by Aerobic Training Is Dependent on Nitric Oxide Bioavailability in Obese Zucker Rats

Rodrigo Vanerson Passos Neves, Hugo De Luca Corrêa, Ivo Vieira De Sousa Neto, Michel Kendy Souza, Fernando Costa, Anderson Sola Haro, Lysleine Alves Deus, Andrea Lucena Reis, Herbert Gustavo Simões, Rosângela Vieira Andrade, Cláudio Oliveira Assumpção, Whitley Stone, Jonato Prestes, Elaine Cristina Vieira, Rita De Cássia Marquetti Durigan, Vinicius Cruzat, Thiago S. Rosa

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Aerobic training (AT) promotes several health benefits that may attenuate the progression of obesity associated diabetes. Since AT is an important nitric oxide (NO-) inducer mediating kidney-healthy phenotype, the present study is aimed at investigating the effects of AT on metabolic parameters, morphological, redox balance, inflammatory profile, and vasoactive peptides in the kidney of obese-diabetic Zucker rats receiving L-NAME (N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester). Forty male Zucker rats (6 wk old) were assigned into four groups (n=10, each): sedentary lean rats (CTL-Lean), sedentary obese rats (CTL-Obese), AT trained obese rats without blocking nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (Obese+AT), and obese-trained with NOS block (Obese+AT+L-NAME). AT groups ran 60 min in the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS), five days/wk/8 wk. Obese+AT rats improved glycemic homeostasis, SBP, aerobic capacity, renal mitochondria integrity, redox balance, inflammatory profile (e.g., TNF-α, CRP, IL-10, IL-4, and IL-17a), and molecules related to renal NO- metabolism (klotho/FGF23 axis, vasoactive peptides, renal histology, and reduced proteinuria). However, none of these positive outcomes were observed in CTL-Obese and Obese+AT+L-NAME (p<0.0001) groups. Although Obese+AT+L-NAME lowered BP (compared with CTL-Obese; p<0.0001), renal damage was observed after AT intervention. Furthermore, AT training under conditions of low NO- concentration increased signaling pathways associated with ACE-2/ANG1-7/MASr. We conclude that AT represents an important nonpharmacological intervention to improve kidney function in obese Zucker rats. However, these renal and metabolic benefits promoted by AT are dependent on NO- bioavailability and its underlying regulatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3683796
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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