Spatial bound whale optimization algorithm: an efficient high-dimensional feature selection approach

Jingwei Too, Majdi Mafarja, Seyedali Mirjalili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Selecting a subset of candidate features is one of the important steps in the data mining process. The ultimate goal of feature selection is to select an optimal number of high-quality features that can maximize the performance of the learning algorithm. However, this problem becomes challenging when the number of features increases in a dataset. Hence, advanced optimization techniques are used these days to search for the optimal feature combinations. Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) is a recent metaheuristic that has successfully applied to different optimization problems. In this work, we propose a new variant of WOA (SBWOA) based on spatial bounding strategy to play the role of finding the potential features from the high-dimensional feature space. Also, a simplified version of SBWOA is introduced in an attempt to maintain a low computational complexity. The effectiveness of the proposed approach was validated on 16 high-dimensional datasets gathered from Arizona State University, and the results are compared with the other eight state-of-the-art feature selection methods. Among the competitors, SBWOA has achieved the highest accuracy for most datasets such as TOX_171, Colon, and Prostate_GE. The results obtained demonstrate the supremacy of the proposed approaches over the comparison methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Benchmark
  • Classification
  • Data mining
  • Evolutionary
  • Feature selection
  • High Dimensional Data
  • Optimization
  • Swarm intelligence
  • Whale optimization algorithm
  • WOA


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial bound whale optimization algorithm: an efficient high-dimensional feature selection approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this