Spatiotemporal Hybrid Random Forest Model for Tea Yield Prediction Using Satellite-Derived Variables

S.J.J. Jui, A.A.M. Ahmed, A. Bose, N. Raj, E. Sharma, J. Soar, M.W.I. Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crop yield forecasting is critical for enhancing food security and ensuring an appropriate food supply. It is critical to complete this activity with high precision at the regional and national levels to facilitate speedy decision-making. Tea is a big cash crop that contributes significantly to economic development, with a market of USD 200 billion in 2020 that is expected to reach over USD 318 billion by 2025. As a developing country, Bangladesh can be a greater part of this industry and increase its exports through its tea yield and production with favorable climatic features and land quality. Regrettably, the tea yield in Bangladesh has not increased significantly since 2008 like many other countries, despite having suitable climatic and land conditions, which is why quantifying the yield is imperative. This study developed a novel spatiotemporal hybrid DRS-RF model with a dragonfly optimization (DR) algorithm and support vector regression (S) as a feature selection approach. This study used satellite-derived hydro-meteorological variables between 1981 and 2020 from twenty stations across Bangladesh to address the spatiotemporal dependency of the predictor variables for the tea yield (Y). The results illustrated that the proposed DRS-RF hybrid model improved tea yield forecasting over other standalone machine learning approaches, with the least relative error value (11%). This study indicates that integrating the random forest model with the dragonfly algorithm and SVR-based feature selection improves prediction performance. This hybrid approach can help combat food risk and management for other countries. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Hybrid model
  • Machine learning
  • Meteorological variables
  • Satellite information
  • Tea yield
  • Crops
  • Decision trees
  • Developing countries
  • Feature extraction
  • Food supply
  • Forecasting
  • Random forests
  • Satellites
  • Crop yield forecasting
  • Features selection
  • Hybrid random forests
  • Random forest modeling
  • Yield prediction

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