Background: A 40-year-old man presented with acute chest and back pain, hypertension and anuria. Two years previously he had been diagnosed with acute uncomplicated type B aortic dissection. Following conservative management, with aggressive antihypertensive therapy and analgesia, he was monitored with 6-monthly surveillance CT scans. These demonstrated a complicated type B dissection with renal and iliac malperfusion. Investigations: Multislice CT, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, digital subtraction aortography. Diagnosis: Acute-on-chronic type B aortic dissection, complicated by aneurysmal dilatation of the thoracic aorta and visceral malperfusion. Management: Antihypertensive therapy; staged thoracoabdominal and branch vessel endoluminal repair (STABLE procedure), with stabilization of the dissection and rescue of renal function; CT imaging surveillance to monitor for any further complications.
- Staged endovascular repair
- Thoracic aortic aneurysm
- Type B aortic dissection
- Visceral malperfusion syndrome