Stereo-vision-based cooperative-vehicle positioning using OCC and neural networks

Md Shareef Ifthekhar, Nirzhar Saha, Yeong Min Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vehicle positioning has been subjected to extensive research regarding driving safety measures and assistance as well as autonomous navigation. The most common positioning technique used in automotive positioning is the global positioning system (GPS). However, GPS is not reliably accurate because of signal blockage caused by high-rise buildings. In addition, GPS is error prone when a vehicle is inside a tunnel. Moreover, GPS and other radio-frequency-based approaches cannot provide orientation information or the position of neighboring vehicles. In this study, we propose a cooperative-vehicle positioning (CVP) technique by using the newly developed optical camera communications (OCC). The OCC technique utilizes image sensors and cameras to receive and decode light-modulated information from light-emitting diodes (LEDs). A vehicle equipped with an OCC transceiver can receive positioning and other information such as speed, lane change, driver's condition, etc., through optical wireless links of neighboring vehicles. Thus, the target vehicle position that is too far away to establish an OCC link can be determined by a computer-vision-based technique combined with the cooperation of neighboring vehicles. In addition, we have devised a back-propagation (BP) neural-network learning method for positioning and range estimation for CVP. The proposed neural-network-based technique can estimate target vehicle position from only two image points of target vehicles using stereo vision. For this, we use rear LEDs on target vehicles as image points. We show from simulation results that our neural-network-based method achieves better accuracy than that of the computer-vision method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-180
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Communications
Volume352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Camera
  • Computer vision
  • Cooperative vehicle positioning
  • Neural network
  • Optical camera communications

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