Sustainability of Load Balancing Techniques in Fog Computing Environment: Review

Hamza Sulimani, Wael Y. Alghamdi, Tony Jan, Gnana Bharathy, Mukesh Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The extreme workloads on the fog layer caused a misalignment in some fog nodes that affect its efficiency and degenerate fog technology's primary goal. Therefore, creating a balanced computing environment via the offloading process is the key. However, there are many obstacles to balance computing nodes in the fog environment, such as offloading strategy and its consequences due to the extreme offloading processes, and when need to offload and where. These obstacles are vital concerns among researchers. Thus, several studies have been conducted to enhance the fog system performance to increase the entire system's throughput. This paper explores the recent articles to determine the possible research gaps and opportunities to implement an efficient solution for load balancing in fog environments after analyzing and assessing the existing solutions. While most of the proposed solutions involve short-term solution, this literature review reveals the need to find out a sustainable resolution for load balancing to avoid listed obstacles by using the offloading technique with maintaining the bandwidth of the network.


  • Fog Computing
  • IoT
  • Load Balancing
  • Offloading
  • Optimization
  • Sustainability
  • Time-latency


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