The global burden of adolescent and young adult cancer in 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

E.M. Alvarez, L.M. Force, R. Xu, K. Compton, D. Lu, H.J. Henrikson, J.M. Kocarnik, J.D. Harvey, A. Pennini, F.E. Dean, W. Fu, M.T. Vargas, T.H.M. Keegan, H. Ariffin, R.D. Barr, Y.A. Erdomaeva, D.S. Gunasekera, Y.O. John-Akinola, T.G. Ketterl, T. KutlukM.H. Malogolowkin, P. Mathur, V. Radhakrishnan, L.A.G. Ries, C. Rodriguez-Galindo, G.B. Sagoyan, I. Sultan, B. Abbasi, M. Abbasi-Kangevari, Z. Abbasi-Kangevari, H. Abbastabar, M. Abdelmasseh, S. Abd-Elsalam, A. Abdoli, H. Abebe, A. Abedi, H. Abidi, H. Abolhassani, H. Abubaker Ali, E. Abu-Gharbieh, B. Achappa, J.M. Acuna, I.A. Adedeji, O.A. Adegboye, Q.E.S. Adnani, S.M. Advani, M.S. Afzal, M. Aghaie Meybodi, B. Ahadinezhad, B.O. Ahinkorah, S. Ahmad, S. Ahmadi, M.B. Ahmed, T. Ahmed Rashid, Y. Ahmed Salih, W. Aiman, G.T. Akalu, H. Al Hamad, F. Alahdab, A.A. AlAmodi, F.M. Alanezi, T.M. Alanzi, A.Z. Alem, D.T. Alem, Y. Alemayehu, F.N. Alhalaiqa, R.K. Alhassan, S. Ali, G. Alicandro, V. Alipour, S.M. Aljunid, M. Alkhayyat, S. Alluri, N.A. Almasri, S.A. Al-Maweri, S. Almustanyir, R.M. Al-Raddadi, N. Alvis-Guzman, E.K. Ameyaw, S. Amini, H. Amu, R. Ancuceanu, C.L. Andrei, T. Andrei, F. Ansari, A. Ansari-Moghaddam, D. Anvari, A.E. Anyasodor, J. Arabloo, M. Arab-Zozani, A.M. Argaw, M. Arshad, J. Arulappan, A. Aryannejad, Z. Asemi, M. Asghari Jafarabadi, M.R. Atashzar, P. Atorkey, A. Atreya, S. Attia, A. Aujayeb, M. Ausloos, L. Avila-Burgos, A.F. Awedew, B.P. Ayala Quintanilla, A.D. Ayele, S.S. Ayen, M.A. Azab, S. Azadnajafabad, H. Azami, M. Azangou-Khyavy, A. Azari Jafari, G. Azarian, A.Y. Azzam, S. Bahadory, J. Bai, A.A. Baig, J.L. Baker, M. Banach, T.W. Bärnighausen, F. Barone-Adesi, F. Barra, A. Barrow, H. Basaleem, A.-M.M. Batiha, M. Behzadifar, N.C. Bekele, R. Belete, U.I. Belgaumi, A.W. Bell, A.Y. Berhie, D.S. Bhagat, A.S. Bhagavathula, N. Bhardwaj, P. Bhardwaj, S. Bhaskar, K. Bhattacharyya, V.S. Bhojaraja, S. Bibi, A. Bijani, A. Biondi, S. Birara, T. Bjørge, O.A. Bolarinwa, S.R. Bolla, A. Boloor, D. Braithwaite, H. Brenner, N.B. Bulamu, K. Burkart, M.T. Bustamante-Teixeira, N.S. Butt, Z.A. Butt, F.L. Caetano dos Santos, C. Cao, Y. Cao, G. Carreras, F. Catalá-López, F. Cembranel, E. Cerin, R.C. Chakinala, P.A. Chakraborty, V.K. Chattu, P. Chaturvedi, A. Chaurasia, P.P. Chavan, O. Chimed-Ochir, J.-Y.J. Choi, D.J. Christopher, D.-T. Chu, M.T. Chung, J. Conde, V.M. Costa, O.B. Da'ar, O. Dadras, S.M.A. Dahlawi, X. Dai, G. Damiani, E. D'Amico, L. Dandona, R. Dandona, P. Daneshpajouhnejad, A.H. Darwish, A. Daryani, F.P. De la Hoz, S.A. Debela, T.G.G. Demie, G.D. Demissie, Z.G. Demissie, E. Denova-Gutiérrez, M. Derbew Molla, R. Desai, A.A. Desta, D. Dhamnetiya, S.D. Dharmaratne, M.L. Dhimal, M. Dhimal, M. Dianatinasab, M. Didehdar, M. Diress, S. Djalalinia, H.P. Do, S. Doaei, F. Dorostkar, W.M. dos Santos, T.M. Drake, M. Ekholuenetale, I. El Sayed, M. El Sayed Zaki, M. El Tantawi, H. El-Abid, M.A. Elbahnasawy, I. Elbarazi, H.R. Elhabashy, M. Elhadi, S.I. El-Jaafary, D.B. Enyew, R. Erkhembayar, B. Eshrati, S. Eskandarieh, M. Faisaluddin, J. Fares, U. Farooque, A.O. Fasanmi, W. Fatima, J.M.P. Ferreira de Oliveira, S. Ferrero, L. Ferro Desideri, G. Fetensa, I. Filip, F. Fischer, J.L. Fisher, M. Foroutan, T. Fukumoto, P.A. Gaal, M.M. Gad, P. Gaewkhiew, S. Gallus, T. Garg, T.G. Gebremeskel, B.N.B. Gemeda, T. Getachew, M. Ghafourifard, S.-H. Ghamari, A. Ghashghaee, F. Ghassemi, N. Ghith, A. Gholami, J. Gholizadeh Navashenaq, S.A. Gilani, T.G. Ginindza, A.T. Gizaw, J.C. Glasbey, A. Goel, M. Golechha, P. Goleij, D. Golinelli, S.V. Gopalani, G. Gorini, H. Goudarzi, B.N.G. Goulart, A. Grada, M.I.M. Gubari, M.R. Guerra, A. Guha, B. Gupta, S. Gupta, V.B. Gupta, V.K. Gupta, R. Haddadi, N. Hafezi-Nejad, A. Hailu, A. Haj-Mirzaian, R. Halwani, R.R. Hamadeh, M.T. Hambisa, S. Hameed, S. Hamidi, S. Haque, S. Hariri, J.M. Haro, A.I. Hasaballah, S.M.M. Hasan, S.M. Hashemi, T.S. Hassan, S. Hassanipour, S.I. Hay, K. Hayat, S.H. Hebo, G. Heidari, M. Heidari, B.Y. Herrera-Serna, C. Herteliu, D.Z. Heyi, K. Hezam, M.K. Hole, R. Holla, N. Horita, M.B. Hossain, M.B. Hossain, M.-S. Hosseini, M. Hosseini, A. Hosseinzadeh, M. Hosseinzadeh, M. Hostiuc, S. Hostiuc, M. Househ, M. Hsairi, J. Huang, N.R. Hussein, B.-F. Hwang, S.E. Ibitoye, O.S. Ilesanmi, I.M. Ilic, M.D. Ilic, K. Innos, L.M. Irham, R.M. Islam, S.M.S. Islam, N.E. Ismail, G. Isola, M. Iwagami, L. Jacob, F. Jadidi-Niaragh, V. Jain, M. Jakovljevic, R. Janghorban, A. Javadi Mamaghani, S. Jayaram, R. Jayawardena, S.B. Jazayeri, R. Jebai, R.P. Jha, T. Joo, N. Joseph, F. Joukar, M. Jürisson, B. Kaambwa, A. Kabir, L.R. Kalankesh, F. Kaliyadan, Z. Kamal, A. Kamath, H. Kandel, S.S. Kar, I.M. Karaye, A. Karimi, B.G. Kassa, J.H. Kauppila, P.M. Kemp Bohan, A.P. Kengne, A.A. Kerbo, M. Keykhaei, Y.S. Khader, H. Khajuria, N. Khalili, E.A. Khan, G. Khan, M. Khan, M.N. Khan, M.A. Khan, J. Khanali, M. Khayamzadeh, O. Khosravizadeh, J. Khubchandani, R. Khundkar, M.S. Kim, Y.J. Kim, A. Kisa, S. Kisa, K. Kissimova-Skarbek, A.-A. Kolahi, J.A. Kopec, R. Koteeswaran, S.L. Koulmane Laxminarayana, A. Koyanagi, N. Kugbey, G.A. Kumar, N. Kumar, A. Kwarteng, C. La Vecchia, Q. Lan, I. Landires, S. Lasrado, P. Lauriola, C. Ledda, S.-W. Lee, W.-C. Lee, Y.Y. Lee, Y.H. Lee, J. Leigh, E. Leong, B. Li, J. Li, M.-C. Li, S.S. Lim, X. Liu, S.W. Lobo, J.A. Loureiro, A. Lugo, R. Lunevicius, M. Magdy Abd El Razek, M. Magdy Abd El Razek, M. Mahmoudi, A. Majeed, A. Makki, S. Male, M.-R. Malekpour, R. Malekzadeh, A.A. Malik, M.A. Mamun, N. Manafi, F. Mansour-Ghanaei, B. Mansouri, M.A. Mansournia, S. Martini, S.Z. Masoumi, C.N. Matei, M.R. Mathur, C. McAlinden, R. Mehrotra, W. Mendoza, R.G. Menezes, A.-F.A. Mentis, T.J. Meretoja, A.G. Mersha, M.K. Mesregah, T. Mestrovic, J. Miao Jonasson, B. Miazgowski, I.M. Michalek, T.R. Miller, A.B. Mingude, S. Mirmoeeni, H. Mirzaei, S. Misra, P. Mithra, K.A. Mohammad, M. Mohammadi, S.M. Mohammadi, A. Mohammadian-Hafshejani, R. Mohammadpourhodki, A. Mohammed, S. Mohammed, T.A. Mohammed, N. Moka, A.H. Mokdad, M. Molokhia, S. Momtazmanesh, L. Monasta, M.A. Moni, G. Moradi, Y. Moradi, M. Moradzadeh, R. Moradzadeh, P. Moraga, S.D. Morrison, E. Mostafavi, A. Mousavi Khaneghah, C. Mpundu-Kaambwa, S. Mubarik, L. Mwanri, A.F. Nabhan, S.P. Nagaraju, C. Nagata, M. Naghavi, M.D. Naimzada, L. Naldi, V. Nangia, A.A. Naqvi, S. Narasimha Swamy, A.I. Narayana, B.P. Nayak, V.C. Nayak, J. Nazari, S.O. Nduaguba, I. Negoi, S.M. Negru, S.A. Nejadghaderi, S. Nepal, S. Neupane Kandel, H.A. Nggada, C.T. Nguyen, C.A. Nnaji, H. Nosrati, H. Nouraei, A. Nowroozi, V. Nuñez-Samudio, V.E. Nwatah, C.I. Nzoputam, B. Oancea, O.O. Odukoya, A.S. Oguntade, I.-H. Oh, A.T. Olagunju, T.O. Olagunju, B.O. Olakunde, M.M. Oluwasanu, E. Omar, A. Omar Bali, S. Ong, O.E. Onwujekwe, D.V. Ortega-Altamirano, N. Otstavnov, S.S. Otstavnov, B. Oumer, M.O. Owolabi, M. P A, A. Padron-Monedero, J.R. Padubidri, K. Pakshir, A. Pana, A. Pandey, S. Pardhan, F. Pashazadeh Kan, M. Pasovic, J.R. Patel, S. Pati, S.M. Pattanshetty, U. Paudel, R.B. Pereira, M.F.P. Peres, A. Perianayagam, M.J. Postma, H. Pourjafar, A. Pourshams, A. Prashant, T. Pulakunta, M.M.F.F. Qadir, M. Rabiee, N. Rabiee, A. Radfar, R.A. Radhakrishnan, A. Rafiee, A. Rafiei, S. Rafiei, F. Rahim, S. Rahimzadeh, M. Rahman, M.A. Rahman, A.M. Rahmani, A. Rajesh, V. Ramezani-Doroh, K. Ranabhat, P. Ranasinghe, C.R. Rao, S.J. Rao, S. Rashedi, M. Rashidi, M.-M. Rashidi, G.K. Rath, D.L. Rawaf, S. Rawaf, L. Rawal, R. Rawassizadeh, M.S. Razeghinia, M.T. Regasa, A.M.N. Renzaho, M. Rezaei, N. Rezaei, M. Rezaeian, A. Rezapour, S. Rezazadeh-Khadem, A. Riad, L.E. Rios Lopez, J.A.B. Rodriguez, L. Ronfani, G. Roshandel, G.M. Rwegerera, M.M. Saber-Ayad, S. Sabour, B. Saddik, E. Sadeghi, S. Sadeghian, U. Saeed, A. Sahebkar, K.M. Saif-Ur-Rahman, S.M. Sajadi, S. Salahi, S. Salehi, M.R. Salem, H. Salimzadeh, A.M. Samy, J. Sanabria, F. Sanmarchi, A. Sarveazad, B. Sathian, M. Sawhney, S.M. Sawyer, M. Saylan, I.J.C. Schneider, A.-A. Seidu, M. Šekerija, E.G. Sendo, S.G. Sepanlou, A. Seylani, K. Seyoum, F. Sha, O. Shafaat, M.A. Shaikh, E. Shamsoddin, M. Shannawaz, R. Sharma, S. Sheikhbahaei, A. Shetty, B.S.K. Shetty, P.H. Shetty, J.I. Shin, R. Shirkoohi, K.M. Shivakumar, P. Shobeiri, S. Siabani, M.M. Sibhat, S.K. Siddappa Malleshappa, N.B. Sidemo, D.A.S. Silva, G. Silva Julian, A.D. Singh, J.A. Singh, J.K. Singh, S. Singh, A.H. Sinke, Y. Sintayehu, V.Y. Skryabin, A.A. Skryabina, L. Smith, A. Sofi-Mahmudi, M.S. Soltani-Zangbar, S. Song, E.E. Spurlock, P. Steiropoulos, K. Straif, R. Subedi, M.B. Sufiyan, R. Suliankatchi Abdulkader, S. Sultana, V. Szerencsés, M. Szócska, S.P. Tabaeian, R. Tabarés-Seisdedos, M. Tabary, T. Tabuchi, H. Tadbiri, M. Taheri, A. Taherkhani, K. Takahashi, M. Tampa, K.-K. Tan, V.Y. Tat, A. Tavakoli, A. Tbakhi, A. Tehrani-Banihashemi, M.-H. Temsah, F.H. Tesfay, B. Tesfaye, J.S. Thakur, R. Thapar, A. Thavamani, A. Thiyagarajan, N. Thomas, R. Tobe-Gai, M. Togtmol, S.A. Tohidast, H.R. Tohidinik, M.A. Tolani, D.N. Tollosa, M. Touvier, M.R. Tovani-Palone, E. Traini, B.X. Tran, M.T.N. Tran, J.P. Tripathy, B.S. Tusa, G.G. Ukke, I. Ullah, S. Ullah, K.K. Umapathi, B. Unnikrishnan, E. Upadhyay, T.W. Ushula, M. Vacante, S. Valadan Tahbaz, S.B. Varthya, M. Veroux, P.J. Villeneuve, F.S. Violante, V. Vlassov, G.T. Vu, Y. Waheed, N. Wang, P. Ward, A.B. Weldesenbet, Y.F. Wen, R. Westerman, A.S. Winkler, B.L. Wubishet, S. Xu, S.H. Yahyazadeh Jabbari, L. Yang, S. Yaya, V. Yazdi-Feyzabadi, T.S. Yazie, S.S. Yehualashet, A. Yeshaneh, Y. Yeshaw, B.W. Yirdaw, N. Yonemoto, M.Z. Younis, Z. Yousefi, C. Yu, I. Yunusa, V. Zadnik, M. Zahir, T. Zahirian Moghadam, M. Zamani, M. Zamanian, H. Zandian, F. Zare, M.S. Zastrozhin, A. Zastrozhina, J. Zhang, Z.-J. Zhang, A. Ziapour, M. Zoladl, C.J.L. Murray, C. Fitzmaurice, A. Bleyer, N. Bhakta, GBD 2019 Adolescent Young Adult Cancer Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In estimating the global burden of cancer, adolescents and young adults with cancer are often overlooked, despite being a distinct subgroup with unique epidemiology, clinical care needs, and societal impact. Comprehensive estimates of the global cancer burden in adolescents and young adults (aged 15–39 years) are lacking. To address this gap, we analysed results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019, with a focus on the outcome of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), to inform global cancer control measures in adolescents and young adults.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00581-7
Pages (from-to)27-52
Number of pages26
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Young adult
  • Cancer
  • Global burden of cancer

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