Purpose: This study investigates the influence of cross-cultural stable and dynamic competencies on expatriate adaptation and outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: This study surveys 10 expatriates in Taiwan and conducts qualitative analysis based on the newly collected original data. Findings: The study's results confirm that cross-cultural stable and dynamic competencies improve expatriates' cross-cultural adaptation, enhancing expatriate outcomes in cross-cultural environments. Originality/value: This study contributes to cross-cultural management research by clarifying the characteristics and action mechanisms of cross-cultural stable competencies (including cultural empathy, emotional stability, social initiative, open-mindedness and flexibility) and cross-cultural dynamic competencies (including relational skills, general self-efficacy and non-ethnocentrism) in the international business context. The study's findings suggest future research directions in the empirical investigation of the antecedents, characteristics and results of cross-cultural competencies, cross-cultural adaptation and expatriate outcomes.
- Cross-cultural adaptation
- Cross-cultural dynamic competence
- Cross-cultural stable competence
- Expatriation outcome