The contribution of resident endoneurial tissue macrophages versus recruited monocyte derived macrophages to demyelination and disease during Experimental Autoimmune Neuritis (EAN) was investigated using passive transfer of peripheral nerve myelin (PNM) specific serum antibodies or adoptive co-transfer of PNM specific T and B cells from EAN donors to leukopenic and normal hosts. Passive transfer of PNM specific serum antibodies or adoptive co-transfer of myelin specific T and B cells into leukopenic recipients resulted in a moderate reduction in nerve conduction block or in the disease severity compared to the normal recipients. This was despite at least a 95% decrease in the number of circulating mononuclear cells during the development of nerve conduction block and disease and a 50% reduction in the number of infiltrating endoneurial macrophages in the nerve lesions of the leukopenic recipients. These observations suggest that during EAN in Lewis rats actively induced by immunization with peripheral nerve myelin, phagocytic macrophages originating from the resident endoneurial population may be sufficient to engage in demyelination initiated by anti-myelin antibodies in this model.
- Peripheral nerve
- Tissue macrophage