TOPSIS aided ensemble of CNN models for screening COVID-19 in chest X-ray images

Rishav Pramanik, Subhrajit Dey, Samir Malakar, Seyedali Mirjalili, Ram Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The novel coronavirus (COVID-19), has undoubtedly imprinted our lives with its deadly impact. Early testing with isolation of the individual is the best possible way to curb the spread of this deadly virus. Computer aided diagnosis (CAD) provides an alternative and cheap option for screening of the said virus. In this paper, we propose a convolution neural network (CNN)-based CAD method for COVID-19 and pneumonia detection from chest X-ray images. We consider three input types for three identical base classifiers. To capture maximum possible complementary features, we consider the original RGB image, Red channel image and the original image stacked with Robert's edge information. After that we develop an ensemble strategy based on the technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) to aggregate the outcomes of base classifiers. The overall framework, called TOPCONet, is very light in comparison with standard CNN models in terms of the number of trainable parameters required. TOPCONet achieves state-of-the-art results when evaluated on the three publicly available datasets: (1) IEEE COVID-19 dataset + Kaggle Pneumonia Dataset, (2) Kaggle Radiography dataset and (3) COVIDx.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15409
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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