Where has all the physical education gone? results of a generalist primary schools teachers' survey on teaching physical education

Vicki Cowley, Michael J. Hamlin, Michael Grimley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Concerns about low levels of children's physical activity and motor skill development, prompted the Ministry of Education to trial a physical activity pilot project (PAPP) in 16 New Zealand primary schools. The project comprised professional development and training in physical education for lead teachers and introduced four physical activity coordinators to liaise with and increase physical activity opportunities in the pilot schools. A survey of generalist teachers (128 baseline, 155 post-intervention) from these schools looked at timetabled physical activity sessions and issues related to teaching physical education. The authors calculated means and standard deviations of data relating to timetabled PE sessions and used a one-way analysis of variance to determine significant differences. Results indicated time devoted to physical activity related subjects significantly increased over the course of the intervention. Teacher's reported improved confidence and competence, which resulted in an improvement in quality physical education delivered more often.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-677
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011
Externally publishedYes



  • Children
  • Physical education
  • Primary school
  • Teaching

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