This is the second paper of a larger study that examined the factors influencing the decisions of rural and remote area nurses, formerly employed by Queensland Health, to leave or to remain in this area of nursing. The study was a cross-sectional survey that gathered data from nurses who had resigned from permanent positions in Queensland Health during the period February 1999 to May 2000. This paper reports only those factors that influenced their decision to remain in rural and remote area practice, which can be categorised into personal, professional and rural influences. The results of this study are congruent with previous national and international research findings into these issues for nurses in rural and remote areas. The paper makes recommendations to attract nurses to the rural and remote work force.